Sai Wan War Cemetery is situated on the east of the island of Hong Kong near the area of Chai Wan.
At the entrance to the cemetery there is a memorial in memory of all those who died in Hong Kong and have no known grave. From this point there is a wonderful clear view overlooking the island as the long, narrow cemetery gradually slopes downhill towards the sea.
On the War Memorial are the names of 2,000 servicemen who either died in the battle on Hong Kong or subsequently, due to years of captivity, at the hands of the Japanese. These 2,000 have no known grave.
The cemetery has 1,561 graves, of which 1,010 are British and of these 285 have no known grave. There are also 283 Canadian graves, some not being named. These are the graves of those who died fighting against the Japanese in December 1941 or later as prisoners of war through barbaric acts carried out by the Japanese, starvation and general ill treatment. Servicemen who died as prisoners on the island of Formosa (now known as Taiwan) were removed and re-buried in Sai Wan War Cemetery in 1946.
The graves are marked with white upright head stones depicting the regiment's insignia and the cemetery is enclosed within a boundary of flowering shrubs and bushes with a flight of stone steps leading down a centre aisle towards the Cross of Sacrifice.
Stanley War Cemetery is situated close to the small town of Stanley, south of Hong Kong Island. It is situated beside the road and the ground rises steeply upward from the road toward the Cross of Sacrifice, which can be reached by a flight of stone steps flanked either side by a steep grassy slope dotted with pretty flowering shrubs and small tropical ornamental trees.
There are nearly 6,000 graves in this cemetery, of which 170 have no known grave.
During the Second World War, the Japanese won the Battle of Hong Kong which fell on the 25thDecember 1941 and the Stanley Jail and village were taken over and used as a prisoner of war and civilian internment camp. An old unused cemetery was then re-opened to bury the dead who died as prisoners of war. The cemetery was later extended to re-bury those servicemen who were initially buried elsewhere or in isolated graves on the island following the battle in December 1941. Also buried in the cemetery are those casualities of the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Force
The graves are marked with white upright headstones bearing carved-out inscriptions.